Skip to main content

Samuel Chapman Armstrong Papers

 Collection
Identifier: MC-41
The Samuel Chapman Armstrong Papers contain the personal and professional papers of Armstrong, his first wife, Emma Walker Armstrong, and their extended families. Armstrong, who was born to missionary parents in Hawaii, graduated from Williams College in 1862, served as an officer during the Civil War, and later founded the Hampton Agricultural and Normal Institute. Armstrong dedicated his life to the education of African Americans and Native Americans during a unique transitional period in American history, and the collection provides an opportunity for scholars to examine the life of a leading figure in 19th-century educational philosophy within the context and influence of the community in which he was reared.

Dates

  • 1826 - 1947

Language of Materials

In English and Hawaiian.

Conditions Governing Access

The Samuel Chapman Armstrong Papers is open for research. Researchers are encouraged to contact Special Collections staff prior to a visit.

Conditions Governing Use

In consultation with Special Collections staff, reproductions may be made upon request. Please consult with staff regarding questions about publishing materials from Williams Special Collections. Researchers are responsible for handling any copyright issues that may be associated with collections and materials.

Extent

24.5 Linear Feet (16 boxes)

Samuel Chapman Armstrong (1839-1893)

Biographical Chronology
1839
born January 30, 1839 in East Wailuka, Maui, Hawaii, the sixth of ten children born to Richard and Clarissa Chapman Armstrong
1840
moves with family to Honolulu where he receives his education at the Royal School and Punahou, later Oahu College
1860
upon the sudden death of his father, travels to the mainland to complete his education at Williams College
1862
graduates from Williams College
1862
enters the Union Army as Captain in the 125th N.Y. Volunteers
1863
given command of the 9th U.S. Colored Troops
1865
musters out as Brevet Brigadier-General of Volunteers
1866
appointed Bureau Agent for the Freedman's Bureau at Fortress Monroe in Hampton, Virginia
1868
founds Hampton Institute (April 1) with fifteen pupils, one teacher and one matron
1869
marries Emma Dean Walker (1849-1878) October 13
1870
first child, Louise Hopkins Armstrong, born July 30
1872
second child, Edith Hull Armstrong, born August 30
1878
first fifteen Indians admitted to Hampton in April (chiefly Kiowa and Cheyenne prisoners released from Fort Marion, St. Augustine, Florida)
1878
Emma Armstrong dies October 10
1881
travels to Hawaii
1887
receives honorary LL.D. from Williams College
1889
receives honorary LL.D. from Harvard University
1890
marries Mary Alice Ford, a teacher at Hampton Institute
1891
travels to Hawaii and speaks at the 50th anniversary of Punahou School; third child, Margaret Marshall Armstrong, born
1893
Armstrong dies at the age of 54, February 11; fourth child, David William Armstrong, born

Arrangement

This collection is organized into eleven series: I. Samuel Chapman Armstrong, II. Emma Walker Armstrong, III. Mary Alice Ford Armstrong, IV. William and Louise Scoville, V. Edith Armstrong Talbot, VI. Richard and Clarissa Chapman Armstrong, VII. George and Harriet Hull Walker, VIII. Daniel and Frances Walker Williams, IX. Armstrong Family, X. Walker/Williams family, XI. Photographs.

Physical Location

L2 Storage F5b

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Margaret Howe and Samuel Scoville (daughter and grandson of Samuel Chapman Armstrong), 1951.

Related Materials

A variety of publications, including works on Hawaii, Hampton Institute, individual biographies and religious subjects, were donated to Williams College in honor of Louise Armstrong Scoville. These materials may be located by searching the Williams library catalog, limiting by local call number ZZ 36.

Processing Information

Processed by Lynne Fonteneau McCann, May 1995.
Title
Samuel Chapman Armstrong Papers
Author
Nash, Katie
Date
2017
Description rules
dacs

Repository Details

Part of the Williams College Archives & Special Collections Repository

Contact:
Sawyer Library
26 Hopkins Hall Drive
Williamstown, MA 01267